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Digital Amnesia

Beulah Jasmine Rao

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The Internet and Internet-enabled devices have transformed our everyday lives and relationships. We entrust them with our precious personal information including contacts and images and rely on them to connect us to a vast repository of knowledge, anytime, anywhere. Digital technologies are not just transforming the way we live and work; they are changing the way we think, learn, behave – and remember. The long-term effects of digital device and Internet use are being actively investigated by cognitive neuroscientists, psychologists and many others. Large-scale studies are still in their infancy results can be contradictory, and their interpretation contentious. Considerable attention is currently focused on the potential effect of technologies, such as gaming, on brain development, behavior and cognitive skills particularly among young people. The study conducted in US found that, an overwhelming number of people can easily admit their dependency on the Internet and devices as a tool for remembering. The results show that almost all (91.2%) of those surveyed agreed that they use the Internet as an online extension of their brain, with little variation across genders and age groups studied (for example: 89.9% of men and 92.6% of women).

Study to Develop a Structured Teaching Programme Regarding Use of Different Types of Mask and Assess Its Effectiveness in Terms of Gain in Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Nursing Students

Thongbam Rebika, Sumi Samuel, Akhila AT, Akshita Massey, Ashee Sharma, Chinnu Mol Raju, Jereena Jacob, Ritika Shaw, Shipi P Shaji, Shivani Chandel, Soya VT

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Masks are a type of personal protective equipment used to prevent the spread of respiratory infections. A present study was aimed to assess the effectiveness of developed structured teaching programme regarding use of different type of mask in terms of gain in knowledge, attitude and practice among nursing students, New Delhi. Quantitative research approach was used, and research design was pre-experimental one group pre-test post-test design. Purposive sampling technique was used to collect 53 nursing students. Structured knowledge questionnaire, 5-point Likert scale and observational checklists was used to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice score respectively. It shows that the calculated t-test score for knowledge was 10.48 which indicate the significant difference between pre-test and post-test knowledge score at 0.05 level of significance. Mean difference between pre-test and post-test of attitude score is 0.68. The calculated t-test score was 5.33 which indicate the significant difference between pre-test and post-test attitude score at 0.05 level of significance. Mean difference between pre-test and post-test of practice is 4.04. The calculated-test score was 11.19 which indicate the significant difference between pre-test and post-test score of practice at 0.05 level of significance. The introduction of Structured Teaching Programme was effective to increase the knowledge, develop positive attitude and improve practice regarding the uses of different types of mask among nursing students.

Gynaecological Health Profile and Their Management Practices of Women

Ms. Krishma Thakur, Ms. Kamlesh Rani

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Introduction: Women is the backbone of the family and it is the “she” who makes the “house “a home. There are so many gynecological conditions that have a capacity to cause death and serious damage to the woman’s life.

Aim: To assess the gynecological health profile and their management practices among women residing in selected community areas of Punjab.

Objectives: 1. to assess the gynecological health profile of women. 2. To assess the management practices of women. 3. To determine the association between gynecological health profile and selected socio-demographic variables.

Material and methods: An evaluative research approach was adopted under the study was conducted among 200 married women aged 18-45 years residing in the selected community areas of Punjab i.e. Chatamli, Chatamla, Dhianpura. A convenient sampling technique was used to select the sample. An interview schedule with three research tools was developed for the study to assess the gynecological health profile and their management practices among women.

Result: The finding revealed that out of 200 women's gynecological health profiles, symptoms related to RTI/STI and menstruation problems were most common. The majority of 64(32.00%) subjects reported symptoms of RTI/STD, 56(28.00%) subjects reported symptoms of menstruation problems, 25(12.05%) subjects reported symptoms of UTI. The majority 147(73.05%) of subjects had not received treatment from any areas, while53 (26.05%) subjects had received treatment from a different area. There was a significant association between gynecological health profile and some socio-demographic variables.

Conclusion: Our study shows that the prevalence of gynecological morbidity is high in community areas. In spite of having gynecological problems, only a few women (26.5%) sought treatment due to various barriers. So it is very important to motivate people to acquire early treatment. Educating the public and screening camp is very much essential.

A cross sectional study to assess the level of knowledge and attitude regarding covid19 disease management and its prevention among the staff nurses in UHM hospital Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

Arpit kamal

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Introduction: The first person who got infected with Covid-19 was from the Wuhan city of china and thought to have contracted the virus at the local food market which sells the meat, fishes and living animals. Corona virus belongs to the family of virus which can affect the respiratory system in humans. Virus spreads through the respiratory droplets, from being close contact and by touching affected surfaces.

Objectives: To assess the level of knowledge and attitude, and to find out the association between level of knowledge and level of attitude with their demographic variables and to correlate the level of knowledge and with level of attitude.

Methodology: A simple descriptive research design with cross sectional research approach was selected to carry out the study. 60 staff nurses were selected by convenience sampling technique. Structured questionnaire was used for assessing the knowledge and Likert scale was used to assess the attitude level regarding covid19 disease management and prevention among staff nurses.

Results: The overall knowledge score of staff nurses regarding covid19 disease management and prevention shows that 82% of the total samples had moderate knowledge. The total attitude score of the staff nurses shows that 87% staff nurses having positive and only 13% were having negative attitude. There was no significant association between knowledge and attitude with their demographic variables like age, gender, religion and type of family.

Conclusion: Staff nurses had moderate level of knowledge and positive attitude regarding covid19 disease management and prevention. The study also revealed a positive correlation between the level of knowledge and attitude.

Buteyko Breathing Technique

Gunjan Singh, M. Raghavendran

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Breathing exercises are often used in asthma management. A form of respiratory therapy, known as the Buteyko respiratory process has received much attention, but there is a lack of strong research evidence supporting its recommendations for asthma patients. There are only four published clinical trials and two conference themes examining BBT. Although all reported improvement in one or more outcomes, the results were consistent. This document provides the background for Buteyko Breathing Technique reviews the available evidence of its use and examines the body's view of its support. As with other therapies, it is not a standard treatment. The Buteyko Breathing Technique 'package' is complex, as it includes advice and education on medication use, nutrition and exercise, and regular rest. This makes it difficult, and perhaps inappropriate, to try to pull out one process. Buteyko's view of carbon dioxide and airway calibre levels is appealing, and it contains some evidence from experimental studies. However, it is not known whether changing the respiratory system could significantly increase carbon dioxide levels, and there is currently insufficient evidence to suggest that this is the mechanism of action any BBT can have. Further research is needed to determine beyond doubt whether Buteyko Breathing Technique works, and if so, how effective it can be.

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