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A Study to assess the Effectiveness of Self- Instructional Module on Knowledge regarding the Harmful Effects of over the Counter Medications among Parents of Children Admitted In selected Hospitals, Kanpur.

Ms.Nandni Shivhare

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Over the counter medication (OTC) means a drug that is taken without any doctor’s prescription. Another word we known as non prescription medicines. In spite of, the accepted benefits of using an OTC medication, its use is still associated with capacity of risks like: patients being exposed to medication side effects, improper prolonged use, and use of overmuch dosage, drug-drug interactions, misdiagnosis, and overmuch treatment of serious illnesses like adults, sick children are commonly treated with OTC medication [1]. Pre-experimental design with pre-test and post-test with quantitative research approach used. Study was conducted in Rama Hospital and Research Centre, Mandhana Kanpur and Ursala Hospital Kanpur. 40 parents of children were selected by using non-probability convenient sampling technique. The result showed that out of 40 parents of children 8(20%) of them had inadequate knowledge and 31(77.5%) of them had moderate knowledge and 1(2.5%) of them adequate knowledge. After post test- out of 40 parents of children 1(2.5%) of them had inadequate knowledge and 30(75%) of them had moderate knowledge and 9(22.5%) of them had adequate knowledge. The main pre-test score was 9.3 and the post-test was 11.6. The computed paired‘t’- value was 8.82 (p&less;0.05). The chi- squire test revealed that there was significant association with gender and sources of information at 0.05 levels.

A Study to Assess the Risk for Mental Health Problems among the Adults of Selected Rural Community, Mangalore

Mr. Subin Raj R

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Mental disorder (also called a mental illness, psychiatric disorder, or psychological disorder) is a diagnosis, most often by a psychiatrist, of a behavioral or mental pattern that may cause suffering or a poor ability to function in life. Such features may be persistent, relapsing and remitting, or occur as a single episode. Many disorders have been described, with signs and symptoms that vary widely between specific disorders. The causes of mental disorders are often unclear. Theories may incorporate findings from a range of fields. Mental disorders are usually defined by a combination of how a person behaves, feels, perceives, or thinks. This may be associated with particular regions or functions of the brain, often in a social context. A mental disorder is one aspect of mental health. Cultural and religious beliefs, as well as social norms, should be taken into account when making a diagnosis.

Effectiveness of Awareness Programme on Knowledge, Attitude and Belief Regarding Organ Donation among the Community People of Pune Region

Dr. Rahul B. Pandit, Ms. Apoorva Wankhede, Ms. Vaishali Todsam, Ms. Smita Vairagde, Ms. Divya Tayade, Mr. Mayur Vibhute

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Organ and tissue donation is a life saving and life transforming medical process where organs and tissues are removed from a donor and transplanted into someone who is very ill or dying from organ failure. The aim of this study was to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Belief regarding Organ Donation among the Community people of Pune region. A descriptive evaluative research approach was used with one group pre-test post-test design to evaluate the effectiveness of the Awareness Program on knowledge, attitude and belief among community people regarding Organ Donation. A sample size comprising 50 community people were selected by using non probability convenience sampling technique and structured knowledge questionnaire and Attitude scale and belief scale on organ donation was used for data collection. Majority 26 % of the samples were in the age group of 15-25 years and 36 – 45 years of age respectively. 58 % of samples were male. The mean knowledge score regarding Organ Donation among Community people were 8.10 in pre test whereas 13.24 in post test. The mean attitude score regarding Organ Donation among Community people were 13.60 in pre test whereas 14.64 in post test. The mean belief score regarding Organ Donation among Community people was 11.04 in pre test whereas 11.60 in post test. The study result showed that the awareness program was an effective teaching strategy in increasing the knowledge, Attitude and Belief of the community people on organ donation. There was a positive correlation between knowledge and attitude of the community people.

A Descriptive Study to assess the knowledge levels on first aid management of Burns among GNM Nursing Students at Rama College of Nursing, Mandhana, Kanpur, Up, India.

Mrs. Usha rani k., Mr.Adarsh.

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At any moment, you or someone around you could experience an injury or illness. Using basic first aid, you may be able to stop a minor mishap from getting worse. In the case of a serious medical emergency, you may even save a life. That’s why it’s so important to learn basic first aid skills. The objectives of the study were, to assess the knowledge levels on First aid management of Burns among GNM nursing students. To compare the knowledge levels on First aid management of Burns among GNM nursing students. To find out the association between knowledge levels on First aid management of Burns among GNM nursing students with their demographic variables. The Quantitative research approach with descriptive research design was used for the study. 40 first year GNM nursing students were selected by using simple random technique. The setting of the study was Rama College of nursing, Mandhana, Kanpur. Knowledge levels on First aid management of Burns among first year GNM nursing students were assessed by using structured knowledge questionnaire. The results of the study concluded that, the knowledge levels of nursing students out of 40 samples, 25(62.5%) students had moderate knowledge, 9(22.5%) students had inadequate knowledge and 6(15%) students had adequate knowledge. The calculated Mean was -10.4 and with SD-3.4, and there is no significant association at 0.05 level of significance with any selected demographic variables. Hence the study was concluded that as stated hypothesis H1 is accepted and H2 was rejected.

A Comparative Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Programme (PTP) on Knowledge Regarding Bio Medical Waste Management among the Nursing Student of Selected Nursing College at Pilkhuwa, Dist - Hapur (U.P).

Mr. Manish Kumar Goyal

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Hospital is a place of almighty a place to serve the patient. The present study is assess the effectiveness of planned teaching programme (ptp) on knowledge regarding bio medical waste management among the nursing student of selected nursing college at pilkhuwa, dist - hapur (u.p). The research approach was comparative research approach & true experimental (Pre test -Post test) design used. A simple random sampling technique with lottery method was used. The sample include in G.N.M. & B.Sc Nursing Ist year student’s & Total sample size is 60 (30 in each group). Self structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. Data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. The experimental group in pre-test maximum nursing students i.e., 22(73.33%) having inadequate knowledge, 08(26.66%) having moderate knowledge & none of the student having adequate knowledge but Post test in experimental group maximum nursing students i.e., 28(93.33%) were having moderate knowledge, 02(06.66%) having adequate knowledge &none of the student having inadequate knowledge regarding the bio medical waste management. The test statistics value in paired "t" test was 7.62,df 29 & Standard error 0.887.The Paired “t” test value are statistically highly significant at (P&less;0.05) show the planed teaching programme was very effective. The control group in pre test maximum knowledge score in i.e. 24(80.00%) were having inadequate knowledge, 06(20.00%) having moderate knowledge & none of the student’s have adequate knowledge but post test in this group 22(73.33%) were having inadequate knowledge & 08(26.66%) having moderate knowledge & none of the student’s have adequate knowledge. The test statistics value in paired “t" test value 0.245, df 29, Standard error 0.979 (P<0.05). The paired “t” test is not significant (P<0.05). The association of knowledge score of the nursing students at the experimental group in pre test with their socio demographic variable age in years & course of the study are significant but control group in course of the study & Residence area are significant but other demographical variable are not significant in both group.

A Study to assess the Effectiveness of Information Booklet on knowledge regarding Medication error & Its Prevention in pediatric drug administration among Pediatric Staff Nurses in Selected Hospitals, Kanpur

Mr.Tushar Noel

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Any error in prescribing, dispensing or administration of drug and it lead to side effect is called medication error. Adult’s medication is different to children. Many medicines are either off-label or unlicensed, used for paediatric patients. So it is not good to say that Children are ‘little adults’. In infants and children, a greater result of errors is appropriate to happen because of small body size and calculation of doses on the basis of weight. Experts accept that medication errors have the ability to cause harm within the paediatric population at a severe rate than in the adult population. The result indicate that 8(26.66%) had inadequate knowledge, 21(70%) had moderate knowledge and 1(3.34%) adequate knowledge out of 30 staff nurses. After post test- 2(6.67%) had inadequate knowledge, 23(76.66%) had moderate knowledge and 5(16.67%) of them had adequate knowledge out of 30 staff nurses. The main pre-test score was 11.86 and the post-test was 15.33. The calculated paired‘t’- value was 9.61 (p&less;0.05). The chi- squire test told that there was no significant association with age, gender, designation, educational status, year of experience and working area.

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