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A Study on Prevalence of Depressive Symptoms and its Relation with Sleeping Pattern among Hemodialysis Patient in Selected Hospitals at Mangalore

Mr. Jaison.T.J, Mrs. Nalini, Mr. Duggahatti Veerabhadra Swami

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Around 121 million people worldwide area affected by depression. People with severe depression may commit suicide, i.e. 8, 50,000 deaths due to suicide every year. The prevalence of depression in patients may be as high as 40% in hospital and nursing home settings and 8%–15% in community settings. High prevalence of sleep problems, fatigue and depression are reported in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Research approach selected for the present study was descriptive (survey research) and cross sectional design. The sample of the study was newly appointed staff nurses working in K.C.G Hospital, Bangalore. The sample size was 100 hemodialysis patients, selected by non-probability purposive sampling who met the inclusion criteria. The researcher collected data from 2 selected hospitals and the data were analyzed by the one of descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings shows that majority of the hemodialysis patient 51% (51) had severe depression and 41% (41) had moderate and 8% (8) had mild depression and 61% (61) had severe sleep disturbance and 35% (35) had moderate and 4% had mild sleep disturbance and there is no relation between between sleep pattern and depression among hemodialysis patients. Further analysis was calculated by Chi-square and there is a significant association for personal habits with sleep pattern at 5% level of significance. Fisher’s exact test of sleep shown the association between physical activity and the level of sleep pattern and there is a significant association for worthless feeling, and there is no association for remaining demographic variable with level of depression at 5% level of significance

Evaluate the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge regarding management of Violent patients among the Nursing Students at selected college, Bangalore.

Mr. Khrawborlang Warjri

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An evaluative approach with one group pre-test post-test design was used for the study to evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding management of violent patients among the nursing students at selected college. The sample consists of 60 nursing students selected by purposive sampling method. Data was collected by administering a structured knowledge questionnaire prepared by the investigator. In the present study, the post-test mean knowledge score was found higher (X2= 26) than compared with pre-test mean knowledge score(X1= 17). The ‘t’ value computed (t= 30.61; p<0.001) showed significant difference suggesting that the STP was effective in increasing the knowledge of nursing students regarding the management of violent patient. The mean post-test area wise scores (X2= 14 and 12) respectively were higher than the mean pre-test area wise score (X1= 9.33 and 7.67).

Assessment of Knowledge regarding Importance of Spacing among Primi Mothers in Rural Area, Kukuradev (Kanpur)

Mrs. Jasmi Manu, Mr.Tushar Noel, Miss. Rojalini Senapati, Miss. Jyoti Yadav, Miss. Raneeta Singh, and Miss. Sunita Maurya.

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Spacing is the time interval from one child’s birth date until the next child birth date. It is important in child growth and development. In countries growth rate is more than 1%, the standard of living is low. The population growth rate is 1.76% (2011). Women are the developing world’s that have many children in quick successions placed themselves and their children at enormous risk. Short and long birth interval is known to adversely affect infant and child mortality. Spacing between pregnancies can have important health implication for a mother and her baby. A research as shown that there are a number of issues which are more likely occur when a women is pregnant again within a year of giving birth. The research approach adopted for the study was cross sectional survey approach and the research design was simple descriptive design. The sample of the study was primi mothers in rural area, Kukuradev, Kanpur. The sample size was 40, selected by non-probability sampling. The research prepared a self-structured questionnaire as a tool to assess the knowledge regarding importance of spacing among primi mothers. The collected data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings shows that majority of mothers were below 29 year of age (55%). Most of them had poor educational status (65%) and 77.5% were home makers. Majority of women were belong to Hindu religion (90%) mothers from nuclear family were higher (55%) and majority of them belong to lower class (70%).The mean knowledge scores in relation to demographic variables show that there was no significant association between knowledge score and demographic variables like age, education, occupation, religion, and family monthly income except type of family and knowledge score at 0.05 levels.

A Study to assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme regarding Common Infections in ICU, its Control and Preventive Strategies among newly appointed Staff Nurses in Selected Hospital at Bangalore

Mr. S. Elangovan, Mr. S. Merridith

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The term ICU acquired infection refers to an infection that was not present during admission to the ICU, and that may occur after discharge from ICU. It is estimated that 10-25% of persons are affected by nosocomial infection in India each year. The nurses can play a major role in preventing the hospital acquired infections thorough knowledge regarding modes of spreading and control measures. The research approach adopted for the study was evaluative approach and the research design was Quasi-experimental one group pre-test /post-test design. The sample of the study was newly appointed staff nurses working in K.C.G Hospital, Bangalore. The sample size was 60, selected by non-probability purposive sampling. The researcher conducted pretest for the first day by using self administered questionnaire and structured teaching programme was administered on the 8th day followed by the post-test. Then collected data were analyzed by the one of descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings shows that majority of newly appointed staff nurse were graduates (55%). Most of them had annual income of rs 4000 -5000 (81.6%) and 56.7% of them got information from health professionals. The overall mean score percentage in pretest knowledge score was 41.55% and the mean posttest knowledge score was found to be 78.98% which proves that STP is effective and there is significant association between knowledge score and demographic variable like educational status at 0.05 levels.

Review Article- Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation – A Life Saver

Mr. M. Raghavendran M.Sc (N).

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A type of supportive measure where an external artificial circulator carries a deoxygenated blood from the patient to an oxygenator a gas exchange device in which the gas exchange takes place. ECMO was developed gradually from cardiopulmonary by – pass. Types of ECMO is said to be two types they are Veno-Venous ECMO and Veno-Arterial ECMO. Veno-Venous ECMO was used only for supporting the lungs and Veno – Arterial ECMO was used for supporting both the lungs and heart. In both the cases blood is withdraw from venous and goes to machine for purifying. In veno arterial blood is returned directly to the aorta and goes to the systemic circulation. At the same time in veno venous after oxygenation the blood is returned to right atrium and circulates in systemic circulation.

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