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December 2020 Volume 7 Issue 4

1. Peripheral Ossifying Fibroma: A Case Report

Dr. Ira Gupta, Dr. Mohd. Amir Khan, Dr. Shruti Gupta, Dr. Neelam Das

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Peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) is one of the inflammatory reactive hyperplasia of gingiva. It represents a separate clinical entity rather than a transitional form of pyogenic granuloma and shares unique clinical characteristics and diverse histopathological features. The lesion occurs over a wide age range with females being affected more often than males. Furthermore, the POF has a propensity to occur in the incisor cuspid area affecting maxilla more than the mandible. POF is known to arise as a focal exophytic mass exclusively on the gingiva commonly appearing to originate from the interdentally gingiva and does not commonly involve the underlying bone. Irritation to the gingiva by calculus, plaque, ill-fitting dentures, and hormonal influence has been considered in the etiopathogenesis. Here, we represent a case report of 21 year old male patient with a solitary gingival enlargement in the left maxillary posterior region i.r.t 24, 25, 26. Patient gives the history of excision of enlargement one year before. The enlargement reappeared three months back. On current examination the lesion was approximately 1.2×1.5 cm size and was found to be reddish in color, irregular in shape, sessile, non-lobulated, firm in consistency and non-tender on palpation. On histological examination it was diagnosed as peripheral ossifying fibroma.

2. Importance of Telecommunication for Dentists in the Pandemic Era: A Review

Dr. Lokesh Sharma, Dr. Devina Pradhan, Dr. Rahul Srivastava, Dr. Omveer Sing

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The most rapidly growing segment of the world ecosystem is Information and Communication Technology (ICT).The practical applications of computer systems in clinical dental practice include office management, digital imaging, radiography and tele consultation Tele dentistry is one of the new exciting areas of dentistry, which enhances the internet to provide the best health care facilities in rural areas, and includes telecommunications technology. Preventive dental care and teleconsultation with the specialists are the main areas which are improved by the Teledentistry. It also allows a dentist who is residing in a nearby community to provide easy access to patient who otherwise might not seek care.The internet has fundamentally transformed the way we communicate and interact. Both patients and dentists have adopted digital communication and social media in their interactions. Health care social media usage is increasing independent of education, race, ethnicity or access to health care. Digital tools have the potential to improve the practice efficiency, reduce administrative costs, and improve communication with other providers. Thus, this review article given an in-depth detail on using telecommunication with the help of various methods.

3. Comparative Evaluation for Defluoridation of water, using three low cost household materials: Tamarind us Indica (T.I), Moringa Oleifera (M.O) and Tinospora Cordifolia (T.C) – An in vitro study

Dr. Surbhit Singh, Dr. Nidhi Pruthi, Dr. Jaspreet Singh Tuteja, Dr. Devina Pradhan, Dr. Deepika Singh, Dr. Swati Parsai

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Background: Fluoride is like a double edge sword, when ingested in lower amount benefits the health while ingested in larger amounts because health hazards, deflouridationis the technique used to remove fluoride from water. Household methods of defluoridation by using adsorbent materials are cost effective than other methods used to remove fluoride from water. Aim: To determine the efficacy of low cost household materials Tamarind us Indica (T.I), Moringa Oleifera (M.O) and Tinospora Cordifolia (T.C) for defluoridation of water Material & Methods: An in-vitro study was done using materials like Tamarind us Indica, Moringa Oleifera, Tinospora Cord folia. The materials were obtained in powder form of particle size of 75 micron. Standard solution was prepared by using sodium silica-fluoride (NaSiF6), which was weighed and dissolved in distilled water and diluted to 10ml. The solution was then diluted to make 10 parts per million (ppm) standard solutions. The standard solution was filtered through the 2 tire filtration process and analytical determination of fluoride was done after treatment of water with the 2% (W/V) adsorbents powder filtration. Results: The results of the study showed that Tamarindus Indica was found to have Defluoridation capacity of 80% at neutral pH as compared to other household materials like Moringa Olieferaand Tinospora Cordifolia 70% &67% respectively reduction in fluoride concentration at acidic pH. Conclusion: The present study concluded that amongst the aforementioned plants, Tamarind us indica powder was found to be the best domestic material for defluoridation property. It can be adopted for the defluoridation method in villages as it is cheaper and easily available biosorbent in Indian households.

4. Irritational Fibroma of anterior mandible: A case report

Dr. Shazia Aslam, Dr. Vishal Mehrotra, Dr. Kriti Garg, Dr. Saman Ishrat

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Irritational fibroma is a reactive lesion that is among the most common oral soft tissue tumor, caused due to local trauma or irritation by plaque, overhanging margins, and dental restorations. It is most commonly present on buccal mucosa along with the line of occlusion in third to fourth decade of life. The colour of irritational fibroma is usually same as the surrounding mucosa with soft ot firm consistency. Here is a case report of 72 years old male patient with irritational fibroma in lower anterior teeth region.

5. Diabetes mellitus and its intraoral presentations: A review

Akanksha Priya, Devina Pradhan

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Diabetes Mellitus has become a global epidemic and presents many complications, usually proportional to the degree and duration of hyperglycemia. Individuals with diabetes are at increased risk for periodontal disease, salivary gland dysfunction, dental caries, mucosal abnormalities, and oral burning, all of which can negatively impact patient quality of life. The aim of this review is to highlight the different oral manifestations, diagnosis and dental treatment considerations for diabetic patients.

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